NSS: National Service Scheme, youth in nation building




National Service Scheme (NSS) was introduced in 1969 with the primary objective of developing the personality and character of the student youth through voluntary community service. Initially it was launched in 37 Universities involving about 40,000 volunteers. However, with the passage of time and as a Pan Indian programme, the number of educational institutions covered under NSS has been increasing year after year. Currently more than 36.5 lakh volunteers are enrolled in 39,695 NSS units spread over 391 Universities/ +2 Councils, 16,278 Colleges and Technical Institutions and 12,483 Senior Secondary Schools. Since its inception, over 4.78 crore students have benefited from NSS.

Each NSS volunteer is required to put in minimum 120 hours of service per year for two years, i.e., total 240 hours. This work is undertaken in villages/ slums adopted by NSS unit or in school/ college campuses. usually after study hours or during weekends/ vacations. Besides, Each NSS unit organises a Special Camp of 7 days' duration in adopted villages or urban slums during vacations, with some specific projects, by involving the local communities. Each volunteer is required to participate in the Special Camp once during the 2-year period. Thus, about 50 percent of the NSS volunteers in a Unit participate in a particular Special Camp.

NSS units can take up any activity that has relevant to the community. The activities continue to evolve in response to the needs of the community. The core activities could be in the field of education and literacy, health, family welfare and nutrition, sanitation and cleanliness, environment conservation, social service programmes, programmes for improving status of women, production-oriented programmes, disaster relief and rehabilitation, campaigning against social evils, creating awareness about Flagship Programmes of the Government like Digital India, Skill India, Promotion of Yoga etc.


NSS is a Central government programme. yet the Central government, the States/UTs and the Educational Institutions are the 3 pillars of this Programme.   It would have been impossible to effectively run a programme directly from the Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, dealing with over 29,000 educational institutions across the country. The implementation of the programme has been possible due to effective collaboration/ partnership between the Centre and the States on the one hand and the States and Educational Institutions on the other.  

As mentioned earlier, NSS was introduced with the primary objective of developing the personality and character of the student youth through voluntary community service. ‘Education through Service’ is the purpose of the NSS. The ideological orientation of the NSS is inspired by the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi. Very appropriately, the motto of NSS is “NOT ME, BUT YOU”. An NSS volunteer places the ‘community’ before ‘self’. This is part of the third dimension of education, namely, value education, which is becoming increasingly important.

            NSS volunteers have been making very valuable contribution to the Society, besides developing their own personality. During the previous year, NSS units organised 12,628 special camps in adopted villages/ slums across the country. NSS volunteers undertook 91 lakh volunteer-hours of Shramadaan, donated 1.98 lakh units of blood and planted over 13.27 lakh saplings. The volunteers were instrumental in organising about 7,051 Health, Eye and Immunization camps and also 30,011 awareness programmes through rallies and campaigns on various important government programmes and social issues. NSS volunteers facilitated pulse polio immunization of about 6 lakh children. The volunteers have been playing key role in Swachh Bharat Mission, spreading digital literacy and in popularization of Yoga. On the occasion of International Day of Yoga last year, about 11.19 lakh NSS volunteers participated in yoga programmes across the country.

            Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is committed to expand NSS in a big way. So far, the NSS covers less than 10% of the students eligible to join it. Efforts are being made to increase funding support for NSS and meanwhile, setting up of Self-Financing Units of NSS has also been permitted. To encourage students to take up NSS, UGC has issued an Advisory to all Universities to introduce NSS as an Elective subject with credits. The Ministry has been rewarding good work done by NSS volunteers by conferring Annual NSS Awards at national level, by providing opportunities to NSS volunteers to participate in Republic Day Parade, International Youth Delegations, Adventure Camps, etc.

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            While a lot of good work is being done under NSS, there is potential to do much more. The students and NSS volunteers are young Indians and they represent the most dynamic and vibrant section of the Society.  These are exciting times in India.  The Government of India, under the dynamic leadership of Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has embarked on the mission of building a united, strong and modern India – “Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat”, following the principle of “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas”.  A number of path-breaking initiatives have been taken. ‘Make in India’ campaign has been launched to develop India as a global manufacturing hub. ‘Digital India’ initiative seeks to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. A nation-wide campaign to promote Digital Payments is underway. ‘Skill India’ has being launched to impart necessary skills to prepare Indians for the opportunities in Indian economy as also the opportunities abroad.

A number of initiatives, including Smart Cities Project, have been launched for developing infrastructure. ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ and ‘Clean Ganga’ Mission have been launched for building a clean and green India.  A sustained and determined campaign is underway to eliminate the black money and to clean up our Society. NSS volunteers can be contributors as well as beneficiaries of these initiatives.  The programme design of NSS needs to constantly evolve to reflect the priorities of the Government and the nation.

The importance of NSS was underlined in an Evaluation Study conducted through Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS). In their Study Report, TISS concluded that NSS has been a well-intentioned and an ideologically motivated scheme of the Government of India and that NSS is one of the greatest experiments in the field of youth work in the world. In fact, TISS recommended that NSS should be made mandatory for all public and private funded universities, colleges and institutions and should be integrated as part of the curriculum.

by Mr. Alok Deshwal
*Jt. Director(M&C), PIB, New Delhi

Hundred years of Champaran Satyagraha

The centenary of Mahatma Gandhi’s first Satyagraha in India is being marked this April. It was undertaken in the erstwhile undivided Champaran district in northern Bihar. He went there in April, 1917 on learning about the abuses suffered by the cultivators of the district, forced into growing indigo by British planters/estate owners. ‘The Champaran tenant’, informs Gandhi, ‘was bound by law to plant three out of every twenty parts of his land with indigo for his landlord’. This system was called Tinkathia. 

Agrarian issues rarely formed the part of the political discourse in those days. Even Gandhi was reluctant to commit himself to task in the beginning. But he was so thoroughly persuaded by Rajkumar Shukla, an indigo cultivator from Champaran that he decided to investigate into the matter. Gandhi’s plan was to carry out an extensive inquiry in the district and demand action based on its findings. It was barely two years that he had returned from his two decade long residence in South Africa. He went to Champaran in his personal capacity, revealing nothing of his association with Indian National Congress. By his own admission, Gandhi was on a humanitarian rather than a political mission to Champaran. Nobody recognized him in the district, located in northern end of Bihar, bordering Nepal. It was practically shielded from the political currents in the rest of India.

The local authorities like the Chairman of the Planters Association, Commissioner of Tirhut Division and Police Superintendent did not find his visit welcome. They unsuccessfully tried to dissuade Gandhi from undertaking his inquiry. But Gandhi determinedly began his work from the house of Babu Gorakh Prasad in Motihari, headquarters of the district. While he making a spot visit to a village on an elephant back, a common transport in rural Bihar then, he was served with a court summon. He had been charged with violating Section 144 of Cr. PC. Gandhi received the summons without demur, but refused to leave Champaran. The announcement of his inquiry had already captivated the imagination of the peasants. His popularity skyrocketed as the news of his prosecution broke.

 On April 18, 1917 when Gandhi appeared in Motihari Court, he found 2000 local people accompanying him. The magistrate was thrown into a tizzy, and wanted to defer the trial. But to his surprise, Gandhi wanted to plead guilty. Gandhi read out a statement, and excerpt from which reads- “As a law abiding citizen my first instinct would be, as it was, to obey the order served on me. But I could not do so without doing violence to my sense of duty to those for whom I have come. I feel that I could not just now serve them only by remaining in their midst. I could not, therefore, voluntarily retire. Amid this conflict of duties, I could only throw the responsibility of removing me from them on the Administration………I have disregarded the order served upon me not for want of respect for lawful authority, but in obedience to the higher law of our being, the voice of conscience”.

The Motihari trial collapsed. The Lieutenant Governor of Bihar had ordered the withdrawal of case against Gandhi, and the Collector wrote to Gandhi saying he was free to conduct the inquiry. But this small step was giant leap forward in the history of freedom struggle. ‘The country thus had’ says Gandhi, ‘its first object lesson in Civil Disobedience’. It was widely reported in the newspapers, and heralded the advent of Gandhian era.

Gandhi’s method of inquiry at Champaran was based on surveys by the volunteers. The respondents who willingly gave statements should sign the papers or give thumb impressions. For those unwilling to participate, the reasons must be recorded by the volunteers. The principal volunteers in this survey were mostly lawyers like Babu Rajendra Prasad, Dharnidhar Prasad, Gorakh Prasad, Ramnawami Prasad, Sambhusaran and Anugraha Narain Sinha. Two centres were set up at Motihari and Bettiah. The rush had been so great that volunteers were barely able to cope with the work from day to day. During a recording of the statement an officer from C.I.D. was present. Apart from these several villages were visited and hundreds of ryats (tenants) were queried in their homes. Within a month nearly 4000 statements were taken. Planters refused to attend meetings where ryats were present. But some of them met Gandhi in a delegation. They tried to pose that they were benefactors of their ryats and had protected them from the tangle of moneylenders. But ryats had different opinion about them.

The Bihar administration grew anxious at Gandhi’s prolonged stay in Champaran. Thus on June 4, 1917 Sir Edward Gait, the Lieutenant Governor of Bihar, while receiving Gandhi at Ranchi declared the formation of a formal inquiry committee with Gandhi aboard. But Gait had to concede that Gandhi and volunteers could remain in Champaran and Gandhi would not cease to be an advocate of the ryats.

The Champaran Inquiry Committee began its preliminary meeting on July 11, 1917. After several sittings and spot visits, the Committee submitted its final report on October 4. The Government accepted almost all its recommendations to the benefit of the ryats. The principal recommendation accepted was complete abolition of Tinkathia system. It was a major blow to the British planters who became resentful. But they could not prevent the passage of Champaran Agrarian Act in Bihar & Orissa Legislative Council on March 4, 1918. The scourge of coercive indigo plantation passed into history.

Gandhi’s association with Champaran lasted for a year. Towards the end he had got busy with another agrarian Satyagraha at Kaira (or Kheda) in Gujarat.  He did not limit his stay in Champaran to indigo issue. He promoted primary education in a poorly literate district by inviting volunteers, who came from as far as Maharashtra and Gujarat. The victory at Champaran established  Gandhi’s repute in Indian politics.

By *PRIYADARSHI DUTTA
*The writer is an independent researcher and columnist based in New Delhi. The views expressed herein are his personal.

How Indian President is elected?

Election to the Office of President of India, 2017 (15th Presidential Election). 

The term of office of Shri Pranab Mukherjee, President of India,  is ending on 24th July, 2017.   As per Article 62 of the Constitution,  an election to fill the vacancy caused by the expiration of the term of office of the outgoing President is required to be completed before the expiration of  the term.  The law provides that the notification for election shall be issued on or after  the sixtieth day before the expiry of term of office of the outgoing President.

2.         Article 324 of the Constitution read with the Presidential and Vice – Presidential Elections Act, 1952, and the Presidential and Vice – Presidential Elections Rules, 1974 vests the superintendence, direction and control of the conduct of election to the office of the President of India in the Election Commission of India.  The Election Commission is mandated to ensure  that the election to the office of the President of India, which is the highest elective office in the nation, must be a free and fair election and the Commission is taking all necessary steps for discharging its constitutional responsibility. 
3.         The President is elected by the members of the Electoral College consisting of:
            (I)        elected members of both Houses of Parliament, and
(II)       elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of all States including National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
(The nominated members of either Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha or Legislative Assemblies of the States are not eligible to be included in the Electoral College and therefore, they are not entitled to participate in the election. Similarly, members of the Legislative Councils are also not electors for the Presidential election).

4.         Article 55 (3) of the Constitution provides that the election shall be held in accordance with the System of Proportional Representation by means of single transferable vote and the voting at such election shall be by secret ballot.  In this system, the elector has to mark preferences against the names of the candidates. Preference can be marked in the international form of Indian numerals, in Roman form, or in the form in any  recognised Indian languages. Preference has to be marked in figures only. The elector can mark as many preference as the number of candidates. While the marking of the first preference is compulsory for the ballot paper to be valid, other preferences are optional.
5.         For marking the vote, the Commission will supply particular pens. This pen will be given to the electors  in the polling station by the designated official when the ballot paper is handed over. Electors have to mark the ballot only with this particular pen and not with any other pen. Voting by using any other pen may lead to invalidation of the vote at the time of counting, under Rule 31(1) (d) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974, reproduced below:-
“ A ballot paper shall be invalid on which-
……………….
(d) any mark is made by which the elector may afterwards be identified” .

6.         The Election Commission, in consultation with the Central Government,  appoints the Secretary General of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, by rotation, as the Returning Officer. Accordingly, the Secretary General, Lok Sabha will be appointed as the Returning Officer for the present election.  Poll for the election will be taken in the Parliament House and in the premises of the State Legislative Assemblies, including the Legislative Assemblies of NCT of Delhi and Puducherry.  The Commission has also decided to appoint Assistant Returning Officers in all State Capitals, including NCT of Delhi and Union Territory of Puducherry, for making arrangements for conducting the poll and for transportation of the ballot boxes and other important documents to and from the Election Commission.  For meeting any eventuality in case the Assistant Returning Officer is not available for any reason, a second Assistant Returning Officer is also being appointed.  
7.         In pursuance of sub–section (1) of section (4) of the Presidential and Vice Presidential Elections Act, 1952, the Election Commission of India has fixed the schedule for the election to fill the office of the President of India as given below:
SCHEDULE FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, 2017 
Issue of Election Commission’s notification calling the election 14-06-2017 (Wednesday) 
Last date for making nominations 28-06-2017 (Wednesday) 
Date for the scrutiny of nominations 29-06-2017 (Thursday) 
Last date for the withdrawal of candidatures 01-07-2017 (Saturday) 
Date on which a poll shall, if necessary, be taken 17-07-2017 (Monday) 
Date on which counting, if required, shall be taken 20-07-2017 (Thursday)

8.         The nomination paper of a candidate must be delivered to the Returning Officer at New Delhi in the place to be specified by him by a public notice that will be issued by him (in Form-1  appended to the Presidential and Vice- Presidential Elections, Rules, 1974), and at no other place. Under the law, nomination (in prescribed Form 2) can be filed   either by the candidate  himself or by any of his Proposers or Seconders between 11.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. Nomination cannot be filed on public holidays.   A nomination paper of a candidate has to be subscribe d by at least fifty electors as Proposers and by at least another fifty electors as Seconders.  An elector can subscribe to only one nomination paper of a candidate as either a Proposer or a Seconder. If an elector subscribes more than one nomination paper, his signature on the nomination papers other than the one first delivered to the Returning Officer, will be invalid. A candidate can file maximum of four nomination papers. The security deposit for the election is Rs. 15,000/- (Rupees fifteen thousand only), which is required to be made along with the nomination paper, or should be deposited in Reserve Bank of India or a Govt. Treasury under the relevant Head of Accounts for the purpose prior to filing of nomination.
9.         The list of members of the Electoral College maintained by the Commission for the Presidential Election, 2017, would be available for sale @ Rs. 300/- per copy from the counter opened in the premises of Election Commission of India.  A copy of the Electoral College is also being uploaded on the Commission’s website.
10.       The polling, if required, shall take place in the polling stations.
11.       Each contesting candidate  can authorize a  representative to be present in each place of polling (polling stations) and at  the place fixed for counting (counting hall). Authorization of representatives for this purpose shall be made by the candidate in writing.
12.       Normally, members of Parliament are expected to cast their votes at the Place pf Poll in the Parliament House, New Delhi, and members of State Legislative Assemblies are expected to vote at the respective State Capital.  However, on account of any exigency or special circumstances, the Members of Parliament can vote in any of the polling stations in the State capital/Delhi/Puducherry.  Similarly, any MLA  may vote at New Delhi instead of voting in the  respective State Capital.  For this purpose, the MPs/MLAs concerned have to apply in advance to the Election Commission in the prescribed format so as to reach the Election Commission at least 10 days before the date of poll. The format for making such application will be available with the Returning Officer and with the Assistant Returning Officers.
13.       The Constitution has expressly provided that election to the office of President shall be by secret ballot.  Therefore, the electors are expected to scrupulously maintain secrecy of vote.  There is no concept of  open voting  at this election and showing the ballot to anyone under any circumstances in the case of Presidential and Vice Presidential elections is totally prohibited. Voting procedure laid down in the 1974 Rules provides that after marking the vote in the Voting Compartment, the elector is required to fold the ballot paper and insert it in the Ballot Box. Any violation of the voting procedure will entail cancellation of the ballot paper by the Presiding Officer. As already mentioned in paragraph 4, marking of vote can be done only with the particular pen supplied to the electors in the polling station.
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14.       In this connection, it is also clarified that political parties cannot issue any whip to their MPs and MLAs in the matter of voting in the Presidential election. It is also clarified that as per Section 18 of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952,  the offence of ‘bribery’ or ‘undue influence’ as defined in Sections 171B and 171C of IPC,  by the  returned candidate or any person with the consent of the returned candidate are among the grounds on which the election can be declared void by the Hon’ble supreme Court in an Election Petition.
15.       The Chief Electoral Officers of each State including NCT of Delhi and UT of Puducherry shall supervise and coordinate with the Assistant Returning Officers for the conduct of poll at the respective State Capitals and matters such as transport of the ballot boxes and other important documents from the Election Commission to the respective State Capitals and back to New Delhi after the poll.
16.       Counting of votes will be held in New Delhi under the supervision of the Returning Officer. On completion of counting, Return of Election ( in Form 7 appended to the  Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections  Rules, 1974) will be signed and issued by the Returning Officer declaring the candidate who secures the quota elected. Formal announcement of election of the President will be made by the Commission.
17.       The Commission appoints senior Officers of the Government of India as its Observers at the place(s) of polling to ensure proper conduct of poll.       
18.       The Commission has brought out a comprehensive booklet covering all aspects of election to the office of the President and copies of the publication can be obtained @ Rs. 25/- per copy from the Commission’s sale counter or from the offices of the Chief Electoral Officers in different States and Union Territories.
Source: Election Commission of India

Naxalism LWE Maoism: Problems and solutions

“Chief Ministers and Ministers of participating States, my colleagues the Ministers of State in the Home Ministry, National Security Advisor, Union Home Secretary, Union Defence Secretary, DIB, Director Generals of Central Armed Police Forces, Chief Secretaries and Director Generals of Police of the State Governments, Collectors and SPs of the 35 worst affected districts and other senior officers of the Government of India and the States.
-          This meeting has been convened to jointly understand the different aspects of Left Wing Extremism with the 10 affected States, so that Left Wing Extremism can be countered with full force and competence. To discuss and work out an integrated strategy of Security and by giving impetus to Development in the 35 worst affected districts, the LWE influence can be eliminated.
-          The whole country is agitated with the martyrdom of 25 CRPF personnel in the incident of April 24, 2017 in Burkapal, Sukma district of Chhattisgarh. In such situations, the challenge before us is to maintain focus and move towards our goal with speed, in a planned manner.  
-          I am concerned but not perturbed by the attack on the CRPF Camp by the Left Wing Extremists. Today’s meeting is therefore important because we have to consider and deliberate in totality, as to what would be our thinking, our strategy, our preparedness and how we have to use our resources. I have full confidence on you, and our forces and together, with a new strategy and with full force we will counter and achieve victory against Left Wing Extremism.
-          India is the largest democracy in the world. However, Left Wing Extremism desires to weaken and make the roots of democracy hollow. The development of new India that our Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modiji is envisaging is based on development and strength of democracy. In order to free India from the influence of LWE that encourage violence and killing, it is necessary that we all should think and work in this direction. I believe that efforts to suppress democracy through the influence of the gun will never succeed.
-          Today in this room Chief Ministers and Heads of Administrative and Police department of 10 States are present. You are the policy-makers as well as the implementation agencies. The fight against Left Wing Extremism is a coordinated battle on security and development fronts that has to be fought to finish and won. Who could be more suitable and competent than you all? The presence of our forces should instil fear in the Left Wing Extremists and a sense of confidence among the local people and tribals – ‘Let your action speak for itself’’.

-  12000 citizens of our country have lost their lives in violent activities of the Left Wing Extremists.
-  Out of these 12000 people, 2700 are jawans of the Security Forces and the remaining 9300 are innocent and simple common people who are not guilty.
-  The anti-development Left Wing Extremism not only target the Security Forces but also public property like roads, culverts, railway tracks, electricity and telephone towers, hospitals, schools, anganwadi and panchayat bhawans etc, that are created by the Government for benefit of the common man.
- It is evident from the destruction caused by the Left Wing Extremists that they do not want people to get facilities and access to the development, in the remote and inaccessible areas, because these facilities provide the path of economic and social progress, to the local people. It also joins them to the mainstream of the nation. The cancer of LWE flourishes in poverty or backwardness. Therefore, the LWE strategy is to ensure that the people of this area stay without electricity, without road, without education, so that the vested interest of the Left Wing Extremists continues unabated.

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Solution SAMADHAN-       
- The solution to the LWE problem is not possible with any silver bullet. There is no short-cut for it. For this short term, medium term and long term policies need to be formulated at different levels. There is need to find a solution for this problem and the strategy is available and encompassed in the word ‘SAMADHAN’ which means-
1.         S- Smart Leadership
2.         A- Aggressive Strategy
3.         M- Motivation and Training
4.         A- Actionable Intelligence
5.         D- Dashboard Based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) and KRAs (Key Result Areas)
6.         H- Harnessing Technology
7.         A- Action plan for each Theatre
8.         N- No access to Financing

I would like to elaborate the new Doctrine ‘SAMADHAN’ for use in Security Operations:
1. S – Smart Leadership-
-  You also know that effective leadership can lead to any desired outcome. A leader is the one who makes the impossible possible, converts failure to success and defeat to victory.
- The key properties of ‘Smart Leadership’ are:
Vision, Mission, Passion and Self belief.

- A leadership full of self confidence should have a solid vision on how he would envisage the challenges of the future and prepare his team and energise his team to a mission mode, in order to achieve his objectives. To make his team secure, disciplined and victorious, should be of paramount importance for him.
- The success stories of many police officers in India are inscribed in the minds of the common people, as to how they kept their teams alive with energy. On the Left Wing Extremism front, we also need such leadership, who despite adversity, keep their jawans full of enthusiasm and teach them only to win.
- Be it Central Forces or the district police, they will have to work under a coordinated strategy and plan. The most important thing is that the officers will have to lead from the front. Success in this regard cannot be achieved only by sitting in Delhi, Ranchi or Raipur.
- Unified Co-Ordination and Command is needed in the LWE Front. Along with Strategic Command, Unified Command is also required at the Operational and Tactical Level. Intelligence sharing is important too.

2. A-Aggressive Strategy-
You are aware that in the last three years, Government has seen good results from the Multi Pronged Strategy against Left Wing Extremism. Statistics of violence from 2014 to 2016 indicates this. In the year 2016, 150 percent Left Wing Extremists were killed as compared to the previous year 2015, and arrests and surrender taken together has seen an increase of 47 percent.

- In the year 2016, Left Wing Extremists have suffered heavy losses. They also mentioned this in their statements and documents. It is also true that Left Wing Extremists are constantly trying to take action against the security forces to increase the morale of their cadres, and undoubtedly the incident of the Burkapal of Sukma is one such example.

- Even in the year 2017, figures show that LWE  incidents have decreased by 23.3 percent (377 to 289). But two to three incidents have occurred in which Security Forces have suffered heavy losses. Therefore, it is necessary that an analysis of these events is carried out, in order to assess the reasons as to why  such incidents occur. The first session of the meeting will analyse the mechanism in place to combat Left Wing Extremism and other related issues.

- Today, we need to consider whether to react only after the occurrence of such events? Should our role not be Proactive?
- Learning from the old incidents, we need to bring aggression into our policy. Aggression in thinking, Aggression in strategy, Aggression in deployment of forces, Aggression in operations, Aggression in development and Aggression in road construction.
- We will have to be cautious that extremely defensive deployment may result in reduction of operational offensive.
- We have to consider that although the figures of the surrenders of the Left Wing Extremisms are increasing, but whether benefit of intelligence from these surrendered LWE cadres is being derived.
- We must ensure that the States take the ownership of LWE operations and CAPFs cooperate with them fully. At the same time, the forces on the Ground level should not lack leadership. "Unity of Purpose" and "Unity of Action" are essential for the success of operations.

3. M - Motivation and Training -
- The Government has superior resources, training, technology, than the Left Wing Extremists. But there is a need for better coordinated efforts to counter the strategy of the LWE.
- Success on this front cannot be achieved only by being emotional in this regard. The right vision, right strategy, efficient use of resources, knowledge of enemy strengths and weaknesses, training of their security forces, their facilities and arrangements of tools are necessary for success. So we have to consider all these issues correctly, point wise. Today's meeting is important in this regard.
- In the camps where the security forces are residing, proper facilities of power, water, connectivity should be provided so that the Security Forces may remain stress free. They should also be able to contact their family as per requirement.
- In addition to information about the place of posting, security forces should also have knowledge of language, dialects, traditions and culture so that they can adapt to the local conditions and earn the trust of the local people.
- Security forces must adhere to Standard Operating Procedures so that they are conscious about their own security.

4. A-Actionable Intelligence
- To develop actionable intelligence it is important that all intelligence agencies and security forces establish a good network with local people.
- Surrendered LWE cadre should be used for intelligence collection to the maximum possible.
- In comparison to Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, the Technical Intelligence Inputs in Bastar Zone of Chhattisgarh are very low and the reason for this is only 20 percent effective connectivity in Bastar. It is only 4 percent in a district like Sukma. There is a need to create special action plans through the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) to increase connectivity across the entire LWE affected area.
- From the point of view of Intelligence, I believe that there is a need to depute Shadow Intelligence Officers to trace the prominent targets associated with Left Wing Extremism.
- There is a need to establish specific procedures between State Police and Central Forces for the exchange and use of intelligence.

5. D-Dashboard based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) and KRAs (Key Result Areas)
- Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and Key Result Areas (KRAs) should be determined both for the State Police and the CAPFs. This would not only help to assess the preparedness but also their performance, regular progress of its unit and individual abilities of each police officer.

6. H - Harnessing Technology -
- We are all aware that Technology is a Force Multiplier.
- Many technologies including Space, IT and Communication have brought revolutionary changes in the world. Many new techniques are also being used in dealing with law and order and the crime. On the LWE  front, there is a need to use more of such latest technologies.
Now I would like to talk about the use of some Cutting edge Technologies : -
- Currently the use of the UAV is sub-optimal, that needs to be augmented both by numbers and by use in the right place.
- The Mini UAVs are extremely useful. Therefore, they should be procured and available in more quantities. We must try that with every battalion there must be atleast one UAV / Mini UAV.
- We need to use high resolution PTZ Cameras, GPS Tracking, Handheld Thermal Imaging, Radar, Satellite Image etc.
- We also know that Left Wing Extremists mostly use looted weapons. In order to prevent this, it would be advisiable to have 
- Trackers in Weapons,
- Biometrics in smart gun triggers.
- Trackers should also be embedded in Shoes, BP jackets etc.
- In addition, Unique identification numbers should also be used in Gelatine and other explosive materials.
- States that do not have expertise in such state of the art technology, the Central Government can assist in this regard.

7. A-Action plan for each theatre-
- You are also aware that the situation of Left Wing Extremism in different States is not the same.
- In different States, to fight Left extremism, there is a need to fight on multiple fronts and to create a specific action plan for each of such fronts, in order to achieve success on a systematic basis.
- There is a need to create separate short-term, medium-term, long-term strategies, whose goals and deadlines are clearly defined. The Implementation should be done on a Mission Mode defining the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for continuous monitoring and Key Result Areas (KRAs), that should also be aligned with these strategies.

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8. N-No access to financing-
- It is well-known that economic resources play an important role in any war or any such exercise, because when money is available, only then will it be possible to buy, eat, drink and possess ammunition and weapons. Therefore, choking the financial resources of the LWE is the most basic mantra in this fight.
- I would like to remind you how the US took the 9/11 incident as a challenge, in order to prevent it from repeating itself. In the report it was stated that the 9/11 incident was not a "failure of intelligence but the failure of Imagination". Therefore, the 'Samadhan' which we have discussed today has inbuilt potential for imagination. We have to work on imaginative thinking on the whole situation so that we can "Out Think" and "Out Manoeuvre"  the LWE.
- We have come a long way in defeating the fight with Left Wing Extremists. In the remote areas, our young men are constantly working for the development and protection of the area endangering their lives. In the yagya for the security of the country many soldiers have been martyred. I am convinced that their martyrdom will not go in vain. That day is not far when this mindless violence will be completely finished and once again the atmosphere of peace and prosperity will prevail and people will rapidly join the main stream along with enjoying the fruits of development.
- Now I would like to also mention the ongoing Security related Assistance given to the State Governments by the Government of India. Under this, 118 Battalions of CAPF have been deployed in the States. Besides, States have been given the sanction for IR Battalions and SIRB to strengthen the security Apparatus of the States. 10 CoBRA Battalions have been deployed, in addition to handle this kind of LWE issues.
- In the last few years, the Ministry of Home Affairs has assisted the States through various schemes for Capacity Building. Under the SRE Scheme, reimbursement of security related expenses, such as ex-gratia, transportation, training, honorarium for SPOs etc, was done by the Central Government in 106 districts of 10 States. In the financial year 2016-17, the Home Ministry has reimbursed Rs 210 crore.
- Under the Special Infrastructure Scheme, 122.13 crores was given to strengthen the special forces of 6 States. Apart from this, a sum of 24 crores was provided for setting up 16 CIAT schools in 6 States. More than 4000 police personnel are being trained every year by Army and Greyhounds.
- Similarly, under the Fortified Police Station Scheme, the Central Government has made available Rs. 624 crores to the States for the construction of 400 Fortified Police Stations in 10 States.
- LWE Affected States have been sanctioned 56 IRB and 10 SIRB. States have been given these sanctions to increase their force resources. The SIRB is a major step towards providing security for the State's infrastructure projects, especially in these sensitive areas. But now 20 IR Battalion and 06 SIRB are yet to be raised with both the security and engineering components. In addition, engineering components of 02 SIRBs are pending.
- The Home Ministry has provided support to security forces for other facilities such as Helicopters, UAVs etc. From time to time, the amount required for the CRPF is being provided by the GOI for the basic facilities, due to lack of resources of the State Governments.
- We assure the States that we will continue to provide full support to them for their capacity building and training needs. Intelligence sharing and deployment of Central security forces will continue as per requirement. But the States must take initiative to conduct Operations and use Resources optimally.
- I have full confidence that today's deliberations will be fruitful and we will be able to realize the vision of our Hon’ble Prime Minister of building a Left Wing Extremism free India.”

Naxalism Maoism LWE (Hindi) How to tackle?

-     देश के दस वामपंथ उग्रवाद से प्रभावित राज्यों में वामपंथी उग्रवाद के विभिन्न पहलुओं को एक साथ बैठकर समझनेवामपंथी उग्रवाद का पूरी सक्षमता से मुकाबला करने और इसे नेस्तनाबूद करने हेतु तथा सर्वाधिक प्रभावित 35 जिलों में Integrated Strategy से सुरक्षा और विकास को गति देने के उद्देश्य से यह बैठक आहूत की गई है।
-     छत्तीसगढ़ के सुकमा जिले के बुरकापाल में 24 अप्रैल 2017 की घटना में CRPF के 25 जवानों की शहादत से पूरा देश उद्वेलित हुआ है। ऐसे वातावरण में अपनी एकाग्रता बनाए रखकर लक्ष्य की ओर Planned Way में तेजी से आगे बढ़ने की चुनौती हमारे सामने हैं।
-     वामपंथी उग्रवादियों द्वारा CRPF के कैम्प के पास हमला करने से मैं चिंतित तो हूं लेकिन विचलित नहीं। इसलिए आज की बैठक महत्वपूर्ण हैक्योंकि हमें समग्ररूप से चिंतन करना है कि अब हमारी सोचहमारी रणनीतिहमारी तैयारीहमारे संसाधनों का उपयोग किस प्रकार हो। मुझे आप पर और हमारे जवानों पर पूरा भरोसा है कि हम सब मिलकर नई रणनीति सेपूरी क्षमता से वामपंथी उग्रवाद  का मुकाबला करेंगे और सफलता हासिल करेंगे।
-     भारत, दुनिया का सबसे बड़ा लोकतंत्र है मगर वामपंथी उग्रवाद लोकतंत्र की जड़ों को खोखला करना चाहता है। लोकतंत्र विरोधी होने के साथ-साथ वामपंथी उग्रवाद का विकास विरोधी चेहरा हम सबके सामने है। हमारे प्रधानमंत्री श्री नरेन्‍द्र मोदी जी जिस नये भारत के निर्माण की बात कर रहे हैं उसका आधार ही देश में विकास और लोकतंत्र की मजबूती है। भारत का भविष्‍य हिंसा और हत्‍या को बढ़ावा देने वाले वामपंथी उग्रवादियों के प्रभाव से मुक्‍त हो इसके लिए हम सबको इस दिशा में सोचने और कार्य करने की जरूरत है। मेरा यह विश्‍वास है की बन्‍दूक के बल पर विकास और लोकतंत्र को झुकाने और दबाने की कोशिश कभी कामयाब नहीं होगी।    
-     आज इस सभाकक्ष में 10 राज्यों के मुख्यमंत्रीप्रशासन और पुलिस के मुखिया उपस्थित हैं। आप नीति-निर्धारक भी हैं और उसका क्रियान्वयन कराने वाले भी। वामपंथी उग्रवाद का मुकाबला सुरक्षा और विकास के मोर्चें पर एक समन्वित लड़ाई हैजिसे निर्णायक रूप से लड़ना और जीतना है। इसके लिए आप से उपयुक्त और सक्षम और कौन हो सकता हैहमारे जवानों की मौजूदगी वामपंथी उग्रवादियों के बीच दहशत का तथा स्थानीय जनता एवं आदिवासियों के बीच आश्वस्ति का भाव पैदा करने वाला होना चाहिए। मैं यह कहना चाहूँगा: - "Let your action speak for itself".
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पृष्ठभूमि-
-     विगत 20 वर्षों में देश के 12 हजार लोगों की जानें माओवादी उग्रवादियों की हिंसक गतिविधियों में गई है।
-     इन 12 हजार लोगों में 27 सौ सुरक्षा बलों के जवान हैं तो शेष 9 हजार 300 निर्दोषनिरीह और मासूम जनता है।
-     विकास विरोधी वामपंथी उग्रवादियों का निशाना सुरक्षा बलों के जवानों के अलावा सार्वजनिक संपत्ति जैसे सड़कपुल-पुलियारेल मार्गबिजली तथा टेलीफोन के टॉवरअस्पतालस्कूलआंगनवाड़ी तथा पंचायत के भवन आदि स्थान बने हैंजो आम जनता की सुविधा के लिए शासन द्वारा बनाए जाते हैं।
-     वामपंथी उग्रवादियों के विध्वंस से यह जाहिर है कि वे दूरस्थ तथा दुर्गम अंचलों में विकास के साधन तथा सुविधाएं नहीं पहुंचने देना चाहतेक्योंकि ये सुविधाएं स्थानीय जनता को आर्थिक और सामाजिक प्रगति का रास्‍ता प्रशस्‍त करती है और स्‍थानीय जनता को राष्‍ट्र की मुख्‍यधारा से जोड़ती है। जबकि वामपंथी उग्रवाद जैसे नासूर, poverty or backwardness में पनपते है। उनकी तो यह रणनीति है कि इस क्षेत्र की जनता बिना बिजली, बिना सड़क, बिना शिक्षा के हमेशा गरीबी और ignorance में रहे ताकि इन ठेकेदारों की दुकान चलती रहे।
समाधान  [SAMADHAN]-
-     देश में वामपंथी उग्रवाद की समस्या का निदान किसी Silver Bullet से संभव नहीं है। इसका कोई Short-cut भी नहीं है। इसलिए अलग-अलग स्तरों पर Short-Term, Medium-Term और Long-Term नीतियां बनाने की जरूरत है। इस समस्‍या का समाधान तो निकालना ही होगा और इसी "SAMADHAN" शब्‍द में ही strategy समाहित है। यानि  -
1.      S- Smart Leadership
2.      A- Aggressive Strategy
3.      M- Motivation and Training
4.      A- Actionable Intelligence
5.      D- Dashboard Based KPIs (Key Performance                           Indicators) and KRAs (Key Result Areas)
6.      H- Harnessing Technology
7.      A- Action plan for each Theatre
8.      N- No access to Financing

Security Operations के लिए इसी नयी Docrtrine  "SAMADHANको मैं elaborate करना चाहूँगा :

1. S - Smart Leadership-
-     आप भी जानते हैं कि नेतृत्व या लीडरशिप ही किसी नतीजे को तय करती है। लीडर वह होता है जो असंभव को संभवअसफलता को सफलता और हार को जीत में तब्दील कर देता है।
-     ‘स्मार्ट लीडरशिप’ के प्रमुख गुण हैं-
      Vision, Mission, Passion and Self belief
-     आत्मबल से भरपूर लीडरशिप के पास ठोस विजन होना चाहिए कि कैसे वह भविष्य की चुनौतियों को देखेगा और उसके लिए अपनी टीम को तैयार करेगा तथा अपनी टीम को अपना लक्ष्य Mission Mode पर हासिल करने के लिए ऊर्जावान बनायेगा। अपनी टीम को सुरक्षित, disciplined और victorious बनाना ही, उसके लिए सर्वोपरि होना चाहिए।
-     भारत में भी कई यशस्‍वी पुलिस अधिकारियों के किस्‍से आम जन के मानस पटल पर अंकित हैं कि वे किस तरह अपनी टीम को ऊर्जा से लबरेज रखते थे। वामपंथी उग्रवाद के मोर्चें पर हमें ऐसी लीडरशिप चाहिएजो विपरीत परिस्थतियों के बावजूद जवानों को उत्साह से भरपूर रखें और उन्हें सिर्फ जीतना सिखाए।
-     केन्द्रीय बल हों या जिला पुलिस सभी को समन्वित रणनीति और योजना के तहत काम करना होगा। सबसे महत्वपूर्ण बात यह है कि ऑफिसर्स को सामने से लीड करना होगा। इस मोर्चे पर कामयाबी केवल दिल्ली, रांची या रायपुर में बैठकर ही हासिल नहीं की जा सकती।
-     वामपंथी मोर्चें पर Unified Co-Ordination तथा Command की जरूरत है। Strategic Command के साथ Operational और Tactical Level पर भी Unified Command नितांत आवश्यक है। उतना ही महत्‍वपूर्ण Intelligence sharing भी है।
2. A-Aggressive Strategy-
-     आप अवगत है कि पिछले तीन वर्षो में Left Wing Extremism के विरूद्ध सरकार की Multi Pronged Strategy के अच्छे परिणाम सामने आए हैं। वर्ष 2014 से 2016 तक के हिंसा के आंकड़े इसको दर्शाते हैं।    वर्ष-2016 में वर्ष-2015 की अपेक्षा 150 प्रतिशत अधिक Left Wing Extremists मारे गए और गिरफ्तारियों तथा आत्मसमर्पण में 47 प्रतिशत की वृद्धि हुई है।
-     वर्ष-2016 में Left Wing Extremists को भारी हानि उठानी पड़ी है। इसका जिक्र उन्होंने अपने बयानों एवं दस्तावेजों में भी खुलकर किया है। यह भी सच है कि Left Wing Extremists अपने Cadres के गिरते हुए मनोबल को बढ़ाने के लिए सुरक्षा बलों पर हमले की कार्रवाई करने के लिए सतत प्रयासरत् हैं  और निःसंदेह सुकमा के बुरकापाल की घटना इसका एक उदाहरण है।
-     वर्ष-2017 में भी अभी तक के आंकड़े दर्शाते हैं कि LWE संबंधित घटनाओं में 23.3 प्रतिशत (377 से 289) की कमी आई है। लेकिन 2-3 घटनाएँ ऐसी हुई हैजिनमें सुरक्षा बलों को काफी नुकसान उठाना पड़ा। अत: इन घटनाओं का विश्‍लेषण आवश्‍यक है। ऐसी घटनाएँ होती ही क्यूँ है, इसे देखने के लिए, LWE से related व्‍यवस्‍था के विषयों पर मीटिंग के पहले सत्र में चर्चा होगी।
- आज हमें इस बात पर विचार करने की जरूरत है कि क्‍या हमें घटनाओं के बाद ही react करना चाहिए? क्‍या हमारा Role Proactive नहीं होना चाहिए?
-     पुरानी घटनाओं से सीख लेते हुए हमें अपनी नीति में Agression लाने की आवश्यकता है। सोच में Agressionरणनीति में Agressionबलों की तैनाती में Agressionऑपरेशन्स में Agressionविकास में Agressionसड़क निर्माण में Agression ।
अत्यंत सुरक्षात्मक तैनाती से operational आक्रामकता कम हो जाती है,इसका हमें ध्यान रखना होगा।
-     हमें सोचना होगा कि वामपंथी उग्रवादियों के कैडर के surrenders के आंकड़े जरूर बढ़ रहे हैं लेकिन क्‍या इन surrendered वामपंथी उग्रवादियों से Intelligence का लाभ मिल पाया है?
-     हमें यह सुनिश्चित करना होगा कि LWE के विरूद्ध राज्य operations की ownership लें, CAPFs उनका पूरा सहयोग करें। साथ ही Ground level पर बलों को Leadership का अभाव नहीं रहे। Operations की कामयाबी के लिए "Unity of Purpose" एवं "Unity of Action" नितांत आवश्यक है।
3. M - Motivation and Training -
-     सरकार के पास वामपंथी उग्रवादि‍यों से बेहतर संसाधन हैप्रशिक्षण हैप्रौद्योगिकी है। लेकिन वामपंथी उग्रवादि‍यों की रणनीति को बेधने के लिए और बेहतर  समन्वित प्रयासों की आवश्यकता है।
-     इस मोर्चे पर कामयाबी सिर्फ भावनाओं से ही नहीं मिल सकती। सफलता के लिए आवश्यक है सही नजरियासही रणनीतिसंसाधनों का कुशल उपयोग,दुश्मन की शक्ति और कमजोरियों का ज्ञानअपने सुरक्षाबलों का प्रशिक्षण,उनकी सुविधाओं और साधनों की व्यवस्था। अत: हमें सही ढंग से बिंदुवार इन सभी विषयों पर विचार करना होगा। इसी दृष्टि से आज की बैठक महत्वपूर्ण है।
-     सुरक्षा बल जिन शिविरों में रहते हैंउन्हें सुविधाजनक बनाना होगाजहां बिजलीपानीकनेक्टिविटी के साथ ही ऐसी सभी सुविधाएं होंजहां वे तनाव रहित रह सकें और आवश्यकतानुसार घर-परिवार से सम्पर्क साध सकें।
-     पदस्थापना के स्थानों की जानकारी के साथ-साथ वहां की भाषा, बोली व परंपराओं और संस्कृति की जानकारी भी सुरक्षा बलों को होनी चाहिए ताकि वे स्थानीय परिस्थितियों में ढल सकें और स्थानीय लोगों का विश्वास अर्जित कर सकें।
-     सुरक्षा बलों में SOP के पालन की आदत डलवानी चाहिए ताकि सुरक्षा को लेकर वे स्वयं जागरूक रहे।
4.  A-Actionable Intelligence
-     Actionable Intelligence के लिए विभिन्न Intelligence एजेन्सियों एवं  सुरक्षा बलों को स्थानीय जनता के साथ अच्छा नेटवर्क विकसित करना चाहिए।
-     Surrendered वामपंथी उग्रवादियों का उपयोग सूचना एकत्र करने में अधिकाधिक होना चाहिए।
-     तेलंगाना तथा आंध्रप्रदेश की तुलना में छत्तीसगढ़ के बस्तर अंचल में Technical Intelligence Inputs बहुत कम हैं और इसका बड़ा कारण बस्तर में सिर्फ 20 प्रतिशत प्रभावी कनेक्टिविटी का होना है। सुकमा जैसे जिले में यह केवल 4 प्रतिशत है। सम्पूर्ण LWE प्रभावित क्षेत्र में कनेक्टिविटी बढ़ाने के लिए Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) के माध्यम से विशेष कार्ययोजना बनाने कि आवश्यकता है।
-     Intelligence की दृष्टि से मैं मानता हूँ कि वामपंथी उग्रवाद से जुड़े Prominent Targets को Trace करने के लिए Shadow Intelligence Officers को depute करने की आवश्‍यकता है।
-     Intelligence के आदान-प्रदान तथा उपयोग के लिए स्थानीय पुलिस तथा केन्द्रीय बलों के बीच निश्चित कार्यप्रणाली निर्धारित करने की आवश्यकता है।
5. D-Dashboard based KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) एवं KRAs (Key Result Areas)
-     पुलिस तथा CAPFs में Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) तथा Key Result Areas (KRAs) का निर्धारण किया जाना चाहिए । इससे न सिर्फ किसी यूनिट की तैयारियोंउनके कार्य निष्पादननियमित प्रगति की समीक्षा की जा सकेगी, बल्कि प्रत्येक जवान की व्यक्तिगत क्षमताओं का आकलन भी किया जा सकेगा।
6. H - Harnessing Technology -
-     हम सब अवगत हैं कि Technology एक Force Multiplier है।
-     Space, IT एवं Communication सहित कई Technologies ने दुनिया में बहुत क्रांतिकारी परिवर्तन लाया है। कानून व्यवस्था तथा अपराध से निपटने में भी अनेक नई तकनीकों का उपयोग किया जा रहा है। LWE मोर्चे पर latest Technologies का और अधिक इस्तेमाल करने की आवश्‍यकता है।
अब मैं कुछ Cutting edge Technology के उपयोग के सम्बन्ध में कहना चाहूँगा :-
-     वर्तमान में UAV का इस्तेमाल बहुत कम हो रहा हैजिसे बढ़ाने और सही स्थान पर उपयोग करने की जरूरत है।
-     Mini UAV की उपयोगिता अधिक है। अतः Mini UAV अधिक मात्रा में उपलब्ध होनी चाहिए। हमारा प्रयास होना चाहिए कि हर बटालियन के साथ आवश्‍यकतानुसार UAV/Mini UAV होनी चाहिए।
-     हमें High resolution PTZ Cameras, GPS Tracking, Handheld Thermal Imaging, Radar, Satellite Image इत्‍यादि का ज्‍यादा से ज्‍यादा उपयोग करना चाहिए।
-     हम यह भी जानते हैं कि Left Wing Extremists ज्यादातर लूटे हुए हथियारों का उपयोग करते हैंजिनको रोकने के लि‍ए हमें
-    Weapons में trackers,
-    Smart guns trigger में biometrics,
-    ShoesBP jackets आदि में भी trackers, embed करना चाहिए,
-    इसके साथ ही Gelatine और अन्‍य explosive material में unique identification numbers का भी प्रयोग करना चाहिए।
-     राज्यों के पास इस प्रकार की अत्याधुनिक Technology के Procurementकरने की विशेषज्ञता संभवतया नहीं है। यदि राज्य सरकार चाहें तो केन्द्र सरकार इसमें आपकी मदद कर सकती है।
7.   A- Action plan for each theatre-
-     आप इससे भी अवगत हैं कि विभिन्न राज्यों में वामपंथी उग्रवाद की परिस्थिति अलग-अलग है।
-     विभिन्न राज्यों में वामपंथी उग्रवाद से निपटने के लिए एक साथ अनेक मोर्चों पर लड़ने की जरूरत है और हर मोर्चें के लिए विशिष्ट एक्शन प्लान बनाना होगाताकि systematic तरीके से हर मोर्चे पर सफलता प्राप्‍त कर सकें।
-     इसके लिए अलग-अलग Short-Term, Medium-Term, Long-Term रणनीतियां बनाने की जरूरत हैजिसके लक्ष्य तथा समय-सीमा स्पष्ट निर्धारित हों और Implementation Mission Mode में हो तथा सतत् अनुश्रवण के लिएKey Performance Indicators (KPIs) तथा Key Result Areas (KRAs) भी इन रणनीतियों के साथ Aligned होने चाहिए।
8.   N- No access to financing-
-     यह सर्वविदित है कि किसी भी लड़ाई या काम के लिए आर्थिक संसाधन सबसे ज्यादा महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका अदा करते हैंक्योंकि जब धन राशि होगीतभी तो रहनेखाने-पीनेगोला-बारूदहथियार खरीदने का इंतजाम संभव हो पाएगा। अतः वामपंथी उग्रवादियों की financial choking इस लड़ाई का सबसे आधारभूत मंत्र हैं।
-     मैं यह याद दिलाना चाहूंगा कि 9/11 की घटना को अमेरिका ने किस तरह से चुनौती के रूप में लिया ताकि वहां वैसी घटनाओं की पुनरावृति न हो सके। इसके लिए जो 9/11 कमीशन बनाया गया थाउसकी रिपोर्ट में कहा गया कि 9/11 की घटना सिर्फ "Intelligence का failure नहीं बल्कि Imagination का failure था।"
-     अत: मैंने आज जिस 'SAMADHAN' की चर्चा की है, उसमें imagination के समावेश की बहुत संभावनाएं हैंहमें सम्पूर्ण परिस्थितियों पर विचार कर कल्पनाशीलता से काम लेना होगा ताकि हम वामपंथी उग्रवादियों को''Out Think'' तथा ''Out Manoeuvre'' कर सकें।
-     वामपंथी उग्रवाद को पूर्ण रूप से परास्‍त करने की दिशा में हम काफी आगे बढ़ चुके हैं। दुर्गम इलाकों में हमारे जवान, प्राणों की बाजी लगाकर, क्षेत्र के विकास और सुरक्षा के लिए निरन्‍तर कार्यरत हैं। देश की सुरक्षा के इस यज्ञ में कई जवानों ने अपनी शहादत दी है। मुझे पूरा भरोसा है कि इनकी शहादत व्‍यर्थ नहीं जाएगी। वह दिन दूर नहीं जब यह mindless हिंसा पूर्णत: समाप्‍त होगी और पुन: शांति और सतत् विकास का वातावरण बनेगा तथा लोग तेजी से विकास की मुख्‍य धारा के साथ आगे बढ़ेंगे।
-     अब मैं केन्‍द्र सरकार द्वारा राज्‍य सरकारों को दी जारी सुरक्षा संबंधी सहायताओं के विषय में भी बताना चाहूँगा। इसके तहत CAPFs की 118 Battalion राज्यों में deploy की गयी हैं । इसके अतिरिक्त राज्य सरकारों के Security Apparatus को strengthen करने के लिए राज्‍यों  को IR Battalions तथा SIRB की स्‍वीकृति भी दी गई है। इस प्रकार की समस्‍या से निपटने के लिए विशेष प्रकार की 10 CoBRA Battalions को deploy किया गया है।
-     विगत कुछ वर्षों में गृह मंत्रालय के द्वारा राज्यों को Capacity Building के लिए विभिन्न योजनाओं के माध्यम से सहायता प्रदान की गई है। SRE Schemeके अर्न्तगत राज्यों द्वारा सुरक्षा से संबंधित व्ययोंजैसे कि अनुग्रह राशिपरिवहनप्रशिक्षण, SPO's के लिए मानदेय इत्यादिकी प्रतिपूर्ति केन्द्र सरकार के द्वारा की जाती है। यह योजना 10 राज्यों के 106 जिलों में लागू है। वित्तीय वर्ष 2016-17 में गृह मंत्रालय ने रु0 210 करोड़ reimburse किये हैं ।
-     Special Infrastructure Scheme के तहत 6 राज्यों की Special Forces सुदृढ करने के लिए 122.13 करोड़ की राशि का भुगतान किया गया है । इसके अतिरिक्त 6 राज्यों में 16 CIAT School स्थापित करने के लिए 24 करोड़ की राशि का भुगतान किया गया । State Police Forces की Training के लिए Army और Greyhounds द्वारा हर वर्ष 4000 से भी ज्यादा पुलिस कर्मियों की Trainingकराई जा रही है।
-     इसी प्रकार Fortified Police Station Scheme के अन्तर्गत केन्द्र सरकार ने 10 राज्यों में 400 Fortified Police Station के निर्माण के लिए 624 करोड़ रुपये राज्यों को उपलब्ध कराये हैं । अभी भी इसमें से 40 थानों का निर्माण नहीं हुआ है
-     LWE Affected States को 56 IRB तथा 10 SIRB sanction किए गए हैं। राज्यों को यह बटालियनें उनके संसाधन बढ़ाने के लिए sanction की गई हैं। SIRB तो विशेषकर सुरक्षा की दृष्टि से संवेदनशील इलाकों में राज्यों की Infrastructure create करने की क्षमता बढाने की तरफ एक बड़ा कदम है। लेकिन अभी 20 IR Battalion और 05 SIRB को पूरी तरह से तथा 3 अन्य SIRB में Engineering component raise करना बाकी है
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गृह मंत्रालय ने इन राज्‍यों में सुरक्षा बलों को अन्‍य साधन जैसे कि Helicopter, UAV इत्‍यादि भी उपलब्‍ध कराए हैं। समय-समय पर राज्‍य सरकारों के संसाधनों की कमी को देखते हुए मूलभूत सुविधाओं हेतु CAPF को आवश्‍यक राशि उपलब्‍ध्‍ा कराई जा रही है।
-     हम राज्यों को यह आश्वासन देते हैं कि राज्यों की capacity building तथा Training आवश्यकताओं में पूर्ण सहयोग देते रहेंगे।  Intelligence sharingतथा आवश्यकतानुसार केन्द्रीय सुरक्षा बलों की  तैनाती जारी रहेगी।  लेकिन साथ ही राज्यों को Operations तथा Resources के समुचित उपयोग करने के लिए पहल करनी होगी।
-     मुझे पूरा विश्‍वास है कि आज के deliberations fruitful होंगे और हम एक वामपंथी उग्रवाद मुक्‍त नव भारत के निर्माण की माननीय प्रधानमंत्रीजी की परिकल्‍पना को साकार कर पायेंगे।
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