The Government of India has enacted “The Right to Information Act, 2005” to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of Public Authorities in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of any public authority.

Right to information means the right to information accessible under the Act
which is held by or under the control of any Public Authority and includes the right
to inspect the work, document, records, taking notes, extracts or certified copies of
documents/records, certified samples of the materials and obtaining information
which is also stored in electronic form.

Any citizen can request for information by making an application in writing
or through electronic means in English/Hindi/Official language of the areas, in
which the application is being made together with the prescribed fees.

Every public Authority will designate Central Assistant Public Information
Officer (CAPIO) at various levels, and necessary number of Central Public
Information Officers (CPIO) in all the offices who will arrange for providing
necessary information to the public as permitted under the Act. The public
authority is also required to designate such officer who is senior in rank to the
CPIO as Appellate Authority, who will hear the appeal against the decisions/orders
passed by a CPIO. 

As per sections 8 & 9 of the Act, 2005 certain categories of information are
exempt from disclosure to the citizens. The citizens/public may also refer to the
relative sections of the Act before submitting a request for information.

Central Assistant Public Information Officer (CAPIO)
The CAPIO will receive the application or the appeal under the Act and
forward the same immediately to the CPIO or the Appellate Authority as the case
may be along with the relevant information/documents.
Central Public Information Officer
The CPIO will deal/process the request for providing the information and
dispose off the same, either by providing the information or rejecting the request
within a period of 30 days from the date of receipt of request. The Central Public
Information Officer may seek the assistance of any other officer as he or she
considers it necessary for the proper discharge of his or her duties.
Any officer, whose assistance has been sought, shall render all assistance to
the Central Public Information Officer or State Public Information Officer, as the
case may be, seeking his or her assistance and for the purposes of any
contravention of the provisions of this Act, such other officer shall be treated as a
Central Public Information Officer.
Appellate Authority
The Appellate Authority will entertain and dispose off appeals against the
decision of Public Information Officers as required under the Act.
Any person, who does not receive a decision within the time specified under
the Act, may within 30 days from the expiry of such time or from the receipt of
such decision can prefer an appeal before the Appellate Authority.

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