Census Data 2001 >> India at a glance

Area :
Area of India : 3,287,240 Sq km.*
Largest StateRajasthan
342,239 Sq km
Smallest StateGoa
3,702 Sq km
Largest Union TerritoryAndaman & Nicobar Islands
8,249 Sq km
Smallest Union TerritoryLakshadweep
32 Sq km
Largest DistrictKachchh (Gujarat)
45,652 Sq km
Smallest DistrictMahe ( Pondicherry )
9 Sq km
* The area figure exclude 78,114 sq. km. under the illegal occupation of Pakistan, 5,180 sq. km. Illegally handed over by Pakistan to China and 37,555 sq.km. under the illegal occupation of China in Ladakh district.

Administrative Divisions :

No. of States

28

No. of Union Territories

7

No. of Districts

593

No. of Sub-districts

5,463

No. of CD Blocks

3,799

No. of Urban Agglomerations / Towns

4,378
No. of Urban Agglomerations
384

No. of Towns

5,161

No. of Inhabited Villages

593,731

No. of Uninhabited Villages

44,656

Population Density
Persons / Sq. Km
India
325
State with Highest Population DensityWest Bengal
903
State with Lowest Population DensityArunachal Pradesh
13
UT with Highest Population DensityDelhi
9,340
UT with Lowest Population DensityAndaman & Nicobar Islands
43
District with Highest Population DensityNorth East (Delhi)
29,468
District with Lowest Population DensityLahul & Spiti (Himachal Pradesh)
2

Population :
Persons1,028,737,436
Males532,223,090
Females496,514,346
Highest / Lowest Population :
State with Highest Population
Uttar Pradesh
166,197,921
State with Lowest Population
Sikkim
540,851
UT with Highest Population
Delhi
13,850,507
UT with Lowest Population
Lakshadweep
60,650
District with Highest Population
Medinipur (West Bengal)
9,610,788
District with Lowest Population
Yanam (Pondicherry)
31,394

Note: @ The total population and rural population include estimated population of 127,108 for Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur. India’s population without the estimated population of these areas is 1,028,610,328 (532,156,772 males and 496,453,556 females)

Note : - Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul Sub-division of Senapati district of Manipur.

Rural - Urban Distribution
Population
(%)
Rural
742,490,639
72.2%
Urban
286,119,689
27.8%
State with highest proportion of Urban Population
Goa
49.76
State with lowest proportion of Urban Population
Himachal Pradesh
9.30
UT with highest proportion of Urban Population
Delhi
93.18
UT with lowest proportion of Urban Population
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
22.89

Age Groups
Persons
Males
Females
6 years and below
163,819,614
84,999,203
78,820,411
Proportion to total population (%)
15.9
16.0
15.9
7 to 14 years
199,791,198
104,488,119
95,303,079
Proportion to total population (%)
19.4
19.6
19.2
15 to 59 years
585,638,723
303,400,561
282,238,162
Proportion to total population (%)
56.9
57.0
56.9
60 years and above
76,622,321
37,768,327
38,853,994
Proportion to total population (%)
7.5
7.1
7.8
Age Not Stated
2,738,472
1,500,562
1,237,910
Proportion to total population (%)
0.3
0.3
0.3

Variation in population since 1901
Year
Total
Rural
Urban
1901
238,396,327
212,544,454
25,851,873
1911
252,093,390
226,151,757
25,941,633
1921
251,321,213
223,235,043
28,086,170
1931
278,977,238
245,521,249
33,455,989
1941
318,660,580
274,507,283
44,153,297
1951
361,088,090
298,644,381
62,443,709
1961
439,234,771
360,298,168
78,936,603
1971
548,159,652
439,045,675
109,113,977
1981
683,329,097
523,866,550
159,462,547
1991
846,302,688
628,691,676
217,611,012
2001*
1,028,737,436
742,490,639
286,119,689
Note: * The total population and rural population include estimated population of 127,108 for Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur. India’s population without the estimated population of these areas is 1,028,610,328 (532,156,772 males and 496,453,556 females)


Number of Literates & Literacy Rate
Persons
Males
Females
Total
No. of literates
560,687,797
336,533,716

224,154,081

Literacy rate
64.8%
75.3%
53.7%
Rural
No. of literates
361,870,817
223,551,641
138,319,176
Literacy rate
58.7%
70.7%
46.1%
Urban
No. of literates
198,816,980
112,982,075
85,834,905
Literacy rate
79.9%
86.3%
72.9%

Persons (%)

Males (%)

Females (%)

State with Highest Literacy Rate
Kerala (90.9)
Kerala (94.2)
Kerala (87.7)
State with Lowest Literacy Rate
Bihar (47.0)
Bihar (59.7)
Bihar (33.1)
UT with Highest Literacy Rate
Lakshadweep (86.7)
Lakshadweep (92.5)
Lakshadweep (80.5)
UT with Lowest Literacy Rate
Dadra & Nagar Haveli (57.6)
Dadra & Nagar Haveli (71.2)
Dadra & Nagar Haveli (40.2)
District with Highest Literacy Rate
Aizwal, Mizoram (96.5)
Mahe, Pondicherry (97.6)
Aizwal, Mizoram (96.26)
District with Lowest Literacy Rate
Dantewada Chhattisgarh (30.17)
Dantewada Chhattisgarh (39.75)
Shrawasti UP (7.7)

Number of Districts by Sex-wise Literacy Rate :

Literacy Rate

Males

Females

Up to 25.00 %
--
18
25.01 % to 50.00 %
22
243
50.01% to 75.00 %
244
287
Above 75 %
327
45
Total :
593
593


Work Participation Rate :
Total Workers
Number
Rate (%)

Persons

402,234,724
39.1

Males

275,014,476
51.7

Females

127,220,248
25.6
Main Workers
Persons
313,004,983
30.4
Males
240,147,813
45.1
Females
72,857,170
14.7
Marginal Workers
Persons
89,229,741
8.7
Males
34,866,663
6.6
Females
54,363,078
11



Religious Composition
Population *
(%)
Hindus
827,578,868
80.5
Muslims
138,188,240
13.4
Christians
24,080,016
2.3
Sikhs
19,215,730
1.9
Buddhists
7,955,207
0.8
Jains
4,225,053
0.4
Other Religions & Persuasions
6,639,626
0.6
Religion not stated
727,588
0.1
Total *
1,028,610,328
100.0

Note : * Excludes figures of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-districts of Senapati district of Manipur state.



Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Population
Scheduled Castes :
166,635,700
16.2%
Scheduled Tribes :
84,326,240
8.2%
Scheduled Castes
State with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes
Punjab ( 28.9 %)
State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes
Mizoram ( 0.03 %)
UT with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes
Chandigarh (17.5%)
UT with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes
D & N Haveli (1.9% )
District with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes
Koch-Bihar (50.1%)
District with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes
Lawngtlai Mizoram (0.01%)
Scheduled Tribes
State with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes
Mizoram ( 94.5 % )
State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes
Goa (0.04 %)
UT with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes
Lakshadweep (94.5 %)
UT with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes
A & N Islands (8.3 %)
District with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes
Sarchhip, Mizoram ( 98.1%)
District with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes
Hathras, Uttar Pradesh (0.01%)
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